Alopecia in Dogs | Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Alopecia in Dogs | Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Alopecia in dogs is a disease that is caused by an autoimmune disorder. The disease is caused by an imbalance of the immune system. In this disease, the immune system of the dog attacks the hair follicle. The hair follicle is responsible for producing a new hair. The immune system attacks new hair producing cells so that the dog is left with bald spots. Therefore, this disease is called alopecia. In this article, you will be able to find out what is alopecia in dogs.

What Is Alopecia?

To be precise, alopecia is the balding of the hair. In this disease, the hair follicle is attacked by the immune system. The immune system is a group of cells that protect the body. The cells of the immune system are trained to fight viruses and other foreign substances that enter the body. However, this does not mean that the immune system is restricted to fighting microbes. Some of the immune system cells also help in eliminating and controlling the hair growth in humans. However, this does not mean that the same thing will happen in dogs. Cancer Cells Can Attack The DNA In The Hair Cells The immune system cells attack the DNA of the hair follicle. This causes the hair to fall out. In the dog, this process is called hypopigmentation.

Causes of Alopecia

The following are the major causes of alopecia in dogs: Autoimmune diseases Hair loss due to hormonal imbalances Genetics Genetic traits Hormonal imbalances One of the major causes of this disease is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is caused by an imbalance of the immune system. This results in the body attacking the dog’s own tissues. The immune system has its own set of chemical substances that attack the body’s cells. The immune system will eventually attack the hair follicle and ultimately destroy them. Some of the common diseases that cause an immune reaction against the hair follicles in the body are lupus, allergy, and even some types of cancers. Some dogs that have a autoimmune disease suffer from hair loss that is a permanent condition.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata Alopecia Totalis Alopecia In Genetic Proportions How to Prevent Alopecia in Dogs The common and effective way to treat alopecia in dogs is to provide the dog with proper care. In case, the dog is on a long-term care, the treatment would be in the form of weekly grooming, which is done by a professional. If the dog has a short-term care, the treatment would be in the form of shampoo and conditioner. Due to the sensitive nature of the hair follicles, the shampoo and conditioner should not be used on wet dog hair. Therefore, it should be applied on dry dog hair. It is also a good idea to avoid nail trims or bathing the dog with too hot water. It may cause further damage to the hair follicles.

Post-Injection Alopecia

When a person injects medicine into the skin of a dog, an autoimmune disease called post-injection alopecia might result. An autoimmune disease called post-injection alopecia is caused by an imbalance of the immune system. When a dog is injected with medicines, it causes an autoimmune disease called post-injection alopecia. This disease often occurs in cats and dogs that have received such treatments for cancer. Although it seems that this disease only affects one side of the dog, it is also seen that other sides of the dog also get affected. The affected side of the dog’s head is most commonly the one that bears the injection site. The Hair on a Dog’s Nose, Tail, Legs and Feet Since alopecia in dogs is an autoimmune disease, it will attack healthy hair on a dog.

Post-Clipping Alopecia

This is the most common type of alopecia in dogs and can be very common. Most of the cases of alopecia in dogs occur after the dog has been clipped. After the clipping, a dog’s hair follicles are kept inactive, therefore, the hair follicles don’t grow and produce new hair. In such cases, the bald spots appear due to the lack of new hair production. Incomplete Clipping Alopecia This type of alopecia can also occur. Incomplete clipping of the hair follicles doesn’t cause bald spots but rather, the hair remains completely intact. This type of alopecia affects the skin as well as the hair. Incomplete Hairfall Alopecia This type of alopecia also occurs and is similar to the partial clipping alopecia.

Traction Alopecia

This is the most common type of alopecia in dogs. It is also the most common type in dogs. This type of alopecia is caused by either the immune system or the immune system cells. It happens if there are some pathogens that attack the hair follicle cells. Another possibility of this type of alopecia is that the hair follicle is attacked by a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. Dogs with this type of alopecia have a bigger number of these white blood cells in their bodies. It is the lymphocytes that attack the hair follicles of dogs with this type of alopecia. There are several other causes of this type of alopecia. In most cases, the alopecia is caused by the autoimmune disease that occurs in animals.

How to Diagnose Alopecia

There is no specific test that helps to diagnose alopecia in dogs. However, there are some other signs and symptoms of this disease. Diagnosis of the disease starts by considering the other disease associated with the body of the dog. If the body of the dog shows few signs of an autoimmune disorder such as rheumatic fever, lymphoma or a similar condition, then the probability is high that the dog has alopecia. A clinical evaluation helps to diagnose the disorder. You should ask a veterinarian to perform the evaluation. However, the evaluation should be performed when the dog is going through a bald patch of hair. This is the time when the diagnosis is most difficult. The evaluation is usually done by physical exam, blood work and an X-ray.

Treatment of Alopecia

Now that you know about the causes and symptoms of the disease, you are able to come up with a treatment. This treatment is a series of activities that can help you bring relief to your pet. If you want to treat alopecia, you will have to try natural remedies. Most of them are known to work well, but some of them might not be effective. Below are some of the common treatments for this disease: Soft Chemicals Most of the cases of alopecia in dogs are treated with the use of soft products such as shampoos and shampoo. This treatment will help you bring relief to your pet within a few days. You will have to make sure that you use one that is made of natural ingredients. Such products will have no side effects.

How to Prevent Alopecia

You can prevent the hair loss in dogs by: • Preventing the dog from being in a closed room or the bathroom with someone who is sick. • Avoiding or limiting exposure to a strong-smelling substance, such as when you bathe the dog. • Doing your best to keep the dog away from other animals. • Taking the dog to a vet for an exam if you notice a change in the hair on their head, neck, or tail. Tips for Treating Alopecia in Dogs Sometimes, the dog can still shed hair but it is less severe than it used to be. When this occurs, the owner may have to choose whether to do a partial or complete treatment. A partial treatment involves using a local anesthetic cream or ointment in the affected area. This treatment can take place once or twice a week.

Is Alopecia Contagious?

Alopecia in dogs is not contagious. The dog does not have to be near the owner in order for the disease to spread. However, if a dog is exposed to the dog’s saliva or skin, the disease may spread. Alopecia in Dogs There are two types of alopecia in dogs. The first one is referred to as alopecia universalis. This condition is a disease in which the hair follicle and skin are affected by the disease. The second one is referred to as alopecia areata. This disease is a genetically inherited disease in which the hair follicle of the dog is affected by the disease. Is Alopecia in Dogs, a Life-threatening Condition? Alopecia in dogs can be life-threatening if not treated properly. The symptoms of the disease can develop at any time and the dog will not be able to afford that time.

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