Ancient Egyptian Dog Breeds: The 6 Most Popular Dog Breeds That Originated in Egypt

Ancient Egyptian Dog Breeds: The 6 Most Popular Dog Breeds That Originated in Egypt

Ancient Egyptians were known for their fascination with animals and for their love of hunting. They raised and bred dogs for hunting purposes, and also tamed dogs as pets. The ancient Egyptians also bred many other animals, including cats, monkeys, and even crocodiles. While many breeds died out over the centuries, some survived and became popular in modern times. Here are the 6 most popular breeds that originated in Egypt.


The Saluki (also spelled as Salukhi and Salki) is a British and American breed of dog. They are bred from the Maltese and The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, which are also American and British breeds. As with other ancient Egyptian dog breeds, it’s unknown exactly how they were domesticated, though many believe they were intentionally bred for good hunting or guard qualities. Salukis are the smallest of all known pure-breed dog breeds. They can measure between 30 to 36 inches at the withers, and weigh between 14 to 15 pounds. The Saluki is an energetic breed and requires lots of exercise and socialization. Salukis are suitable for smaller homes and families as they do not require much space. They are also generally quiet and docile dogs.


Basenjis were originally bred to be an assistance dog for blind people. While they are known for being loving and affectionate, their dominance and strength make them an aggressive dog and are not very suitable as house dogs. King Charles Spaniel The King Charles Spaniel was bred to be a hunting dog and are a very sociable breed. They were originally bred as pets but then became more popular as pets when people realised how easy they were to train. English Setter The English Setter is a medium-sized dog, and has similar characteristics to the spaniel breed. They are generally calm and well-behaved dogs that are usually very devoted to their owners. Cocker Spaniel The cocker spaniel is a medium-sized dog that originated from France.

Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is an ancient breed of dog that first came about in Egypt around 1,000 BC. The breed was developed for the hunting and guarding of livestock and now is thriving in the wild, as it’s still a popular hunting dog. The body of an Ibizan Hound is sturdy, with the head and ears of a hunting dog. The breed’s legs are longer than those of a Lab and its fur is jet black. Scimitar Hound The Scimitar Hound was developed for the hunting of rabbits and hare. The breed has a thick, black coat with white hairs mixed in. It is a medium-sized dog. Its feet are big and the breed’s muzzle is marked with a short, white stripe. Mustang Hound The Mustang Hound is a large breed, with the body of a Great Dane and the head of a German Shepard. The Mustang Hound’s body is short and stocky.

Pharaoh Hound

These miniature wolf-like dogs were originally bred by the ancient Egyptians as work dogs, though they were later used as pets. Pharaoh hounds were bred to look like wolves, and some of them were much larger than others. The Pharaoh hound has a powerful physique and is very fast. They have a strong jaw and a thick neck, and they have long, silky fur. These hounds have large and flexible ears, and they also have a long tail that is often curled. Known for their stamina, these dogs are usually seen with large chains and attached to sleds during winter, as they were bred to be able to endure the cold weather. Pharaoh Hounds look similar to the Wolfhound, though their tails and ears are longer. Pharaoh Hounds are also known as “Mishon” dogs, or wolf hounds.

Baladi Street Dog

The Baladi Street Dog is a popular breed of dog in Egypt. It was created by crossing the Baladi, a long-haired breed of dog from Egypt, with the Turkish Fox. The Baladi comes in a variety of colors, including brindle, white and red, and is well-known for its appearance. The Turkish Fox The Turkish Fox is a native dog from Turkey. It was bred and bred to have a long and silky coat. They were also used as guard dogs in villages. The Egyptian look The Egyptian look is what makes the Baladi, the Turkish Fox and even the Egyptian street dog distinct. The Egyptians relied heavily on their skill with make-up and tanning to change their skin color. It’s this look, along with the heavy ringlets and the gap between the nose and mouth, that makes the Baladi so popular today.

Armant (Egyptian Sheepdog)

The oldest breed in Egypt, Armant breeds are said to have been developed by the ancient Egyptians in the mid 4th century BC. The earliest Egyptian recipes and accounts of sheep dog trials date back to the year 1850 BC. These dogs were traditionally bred to work on farm and to herd sheep and cattle. They were trained for work, and to be loyal and obedient. The ancient Egyptians gave the first breed its name: Armant. They also raised other types of dogs to look after the flock and watch over the animals when the farmers were away. Armenians bred a smaller version of the Armant and called it Astore. This is believed to have developed into the Breton. Meskhety (Egyptian Shar-Pei) The famous American breed has roots that go back thousands of years.

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