Ancient Egyptian Dog Breeds: The 5 Most Popular Dog Breeds

Ancient Egyptians were known for their fascination with animals and for their love of hunting. They raised and bred dogs for hunting purposes, and also tamed dogs as pets.

The ancient Egyptians also bred many other animals, including cats, monkeys, and even crocodiles. While many breeds died out over the centuries, some survived and became popular in modern times. Here are the 6 most popular breeds that originated in Egypt.



The Saluki (also spelled as Salukhi and Salki) is a British and American breed of dog. As with other ancient Egyptian dog breeds, it’s unknown exactly how they were domesticated, though many believe they were intentionally bred for good hunting or guard qualities. Salukis are suitable for smaller homes and families as they do not require much space. They are also generally quiet and docile dogs.



Basenjis were originally bred to be assistance dogs for blind people. While they are known for being loving and affectionate. They were originally bred as pets but then became more popular as pets when people realized how easy they were to train. They are generally calm and well-behaved dogs that are usually very devoted to their owners.


Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is an ancient breed of dog that first came about in Egypt around 1,000 BC. The breed was developed for the hunting and guarding of livestock and now is thriving in the wild, as it’s still a popular hunting dog. The body of an Ibizan Hound is sturdy, with the head and ears of a hunting dog.


Baladi Street Dog

The Baladi Street Dog is a popular breed of dog in Egypt. It was created by crossing the Baladi, a long-haired breed of dog from Egypt. The Baladi comes in a variety of colors, including brindle, white and red, and is well-known for its appearance.  The Egyptian look is what makes the Baladi dog distinct.


Armant (Egyptian Sheepdog)

The oldest breed in Egypt, Armant breeds are said to have been developed by the ancient Egyptians in the mid 4th century BC. These dogs were traditionally bred to work on farms and to herd sheep and cattle. They were trained for work, and to be loyal and obedient.



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