Bordetella in Dogs: What It Is, How To Get Rid Of It, And What To Do If You Have It
Bordetella bronchiseptica is the bacteria that causes the cough that we call Bordetella. It’s a highly contagious respiratory tract infection that can cause coughing, sneezing, wheezing, and a runny nose in both dogs and cats. Bordetella bronchiseptica is most commonly spread by direct contact with other dogs that have respiratory infections. The most common way that it spreads is by direct contact with respiratory secretions from a cough or sneeze. However, it’s also spread by indirect contact with contaminated objects or materials, or by being in the same room as a dog who is shedding the bacteria. Here’s what you need to know.
What is Bordetella
Bordetella is a bacteria that normally lives in your nose, but when it enters your respiratory tract, it travels to your lungs. This bacteria, also called bordetella, can cause the following symptoms in humans and animals: Cough Runny nose Sneezing Wheezing Low-grade fever Swollen lymph nodes in the neck Malaise Lethargy Decreased appetite How does it get into your body? Bordetella is a type of bacteria known as a secondary microbe. Secondary bacteria are the most common cause of bacterial infections, but not all secondary bacteria are harmful. In fact, secondary bacteria are needed for the body to function properly. Secondary bacteria are an important part of the gut microbiome. When secondary bacteria can be detrimental to your health, they are called secondary pathogens.
Signs of Bordetella
Most dogs will develop some signs of Bordetella bronchiseptica within a week of exposure. However, it can take up to 3 weeks for all the signs of the infection to be present. Bordetella bronchiseptica is spread by direct contact with respiratory secretions from an infected dog. Other signs that can appear within the first few days of Bordetella exposure include: Coughing Sneezing Wheezing Fever Muscle aches Nasal discharge Dry, irritated skin If your dog has signs of Bordetella infection, take him or her to the vet immediately. What Causes Bordetella Bordetella bronchiseptica is caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica, a bacteria that is spread mainly by respiratory secretions from a cough or sneeze.
Causes of Bordetella
Mild cases are caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica infection. When you’re experiencing a mild cough, fever, and runny nose, you may think it’s just a viral infection. But it’s not. Bordetella bronchiseptica is actually a bacterial infection that is responsible for the above symptoms. The symptoms, however, may be confused for the common cold, which is also caused by Bordetella. There are several types of Bordetella. Bordetella bronchiseptica serotype 1 (B. bronchiseptica 1): A mild, transmissible form of the bacteria that causes Bordetella bronchiseptica in dogs. This can last for several days and symptoms can be mistaken for a bad cold. Bordetella bronchiseptica serotype 2 (B.
Because Bordetella is a bacterial infection, it requires a diagnostic test to determine the exact cause of your pet’s cough. When your pet has Bordetella, their body will produce an active, white-ish bacteria. If the pet is in contact with other dogs that are shedding Bordetella, it will also produce bacteria. When you have Bordetella, your pet’s eyes, ears, nose, and mouth may also be bright red or pink, causing a fever, lethargy, and depression. Bordetella symptoms are similar to those of common respiratory viruses like influenza and other upper respiratory infections. Bordetella is similar to bronchial syncytial virus (BSV) which you’ve most likely encountered in young children and infants.
Treatment of Bordetella
There is no specific treatment for Bordetella infection in dogs. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive, which means your veterinarian will provide the best treatment that you’re able to provide. You might want to ask if your vet has a Bordetella specialty or if there’s one available in your area. Prescription medication will be given to reduce the severity of symptoms, reduce any pain or discomfort, and to support the lungs to clear the infection. Oral antibiotics like amoxicillin are common, but I recommend trying the following meds: Stomatitis vaccines are also available, but these might not prevent your pet from catching the Bordetella in the future. How Does Bordetella Spread? The basic way that Bordetella gets spread is through the spread of airborne respiratory secretions.
How to Prevent Bordetella
The first thing to know about Bordetella is that it’s spread by direct contact with a dog’s secretions, by things like stray dog hair or drool that have come in contact with their body. In addition, you need to make sure that all pets are up to date on their Bordetella vaccine. The Bordetella vaccine is included in most puppies’ first annual vaccination. It’s usually given once in a 6-month to a year’s time frame. You can also receive a booster vaccine in the first 6 months after the first dose to ensure you have immunity against the most common strains of Bordetella. However, the vaccine does not protect against Bordetella strains that aren’t covered by the first one.