Canaan Dog: Over 54 Facts and Breed Questions Answered

The Canaan Dog, also known as the Bedouin Sheepdog and Palestinian Pariah Dog, is a breed of pariah dog originating from the Middle East. It can be found in Palestine, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Sinai Peninsula, and these or dogs very similar are found in Egypt, Iraq, and Syria. It is the national dog of Israel. Canaan Dogs have evolved through hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of years of hardship. It is thought that the breed originated in the biblical land of Canaan and were known as Kelev Kanani (Dog of Canaan). When the Israelites were dispersed from their homeland by the Romans 2000 years ago, most of the Israeli dogs were left to fend for themselves in the Sebulon Coastal Plain and Negev Desert.

Canaan Dog Dog Breed Information

The Canaan Dog is a handsome dog with a long muzzle, rounded head, and short legs. It is generally short-haired except for the undercoat. Although it is not a large dog, it is very sturdy and muscular. It is friendly and easy to train, and is happiest when with a family. The “Canaan” part of the breed’s name comes from the fact that it is found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. According to author Sharon Holzberger, the breed was once considered to be the ultimate example of a cross between a Rottweiler and a Great Dane. It can weigh no more than 40 pounds at maturity. The head, ears, coat, and coloring vary from almost completely white to blond and copper. The ideal color is cream or tan.

What Kind of Temperament Does The Canaan Dog Have?

The Canaan Dog is a very courageous, yet highly intelligent breed. It is an intelligent dog and has great trainability. It is intelligent and a quick learner, and has the ability to learn tricks. They can learn the tricks quickly and with little or no assistance from their owners. They are extremely easy to train and are eager to please. The Canaan Dog is patient, well-mannered, playful, loyal, easy-going, and affectionate. They like to be near their owners at all times, which gives them protection from predators, which are few in Israel. The Canaan Dog will not respond to the command “Leave it” if it means it’s going to eat something it shouldn’t. The Canaan Dog does not have the destructive tendencies of a Pit Bull.

What Should I Feed My Canaan Dog?

If your Canaan Dog has never lived in an apartment, the foods on your pet store shelf might not be the right foods for it. Since they were trained to live outdoors, they are adapted to a diet of grass, bugs and coarse fiber. They are also used to running after their prey, making them highly prey driven, so they will do very well with high protein and high calcium foods. Try high-energy treats like freeze-dried Liverwurst. Always give your Canaan Dog a choice, never force them to eat anything you know they wouldn’t like. http://www.houndguide.com/treating-pets/food-s.htm What Breed Should I Get? Due to their physical build, size and behavior, Canaan Dogs are usually best suited for home-owners with good fencing, as they do not do well in apartment or town houses.

Dog with brown faux fur headband
Photo by Gilberto Reyes on Pexels

How Much Grooming Does The Canaan Dog Need?

Canaan Dog Grooming Schedule It is important to remember that dogs and grooming is not the same. A complete grooming for a Canaan Dog is not that extensive. The Canaan Dog does not require any intense grooming. The Canaan Dog is easy to care for, with a light weekly brushing or trimming. During the cooler months, the hair grows out much more slowly. Butter and Cheese for a Canaan Dog? It is suggested that Canaan Dogs do not need any special products or treatments. Their hair grows very thick and can be brushed or braided. And for their sweet, loving personalities, the dogs can be seen begging for butter and cheese! What Are Canaan Dogs Good For?

Is The Canaan Dog Easy To Train?

The Dog breed is not too easy to train as they are hardy and resilient to harsh conditions. They are known to have gentle dispositions as they do not suffer from the temperament of a typical barker. They are known to be reliable and dependable around children. Canaan dogs can be stubborn to train, but with a lot of patience and perseverance, you will be able to turn them into a useful pet. It is advisable to educate yourself on how to train the Canaan dog in order to achieve proper results and when you do not have the time to train them, you can hire professional trainers from your local pet store. The breed was first created in Jordan, hence it is not surprising that they are popular in Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Egypt, and Syria.

What Health Issues Does The Canaan Dog Have?

Like many dog breeds, Canaan dogs are susceptible to certain health issues. These include: Infections The Canaan Dog is susceptible to certain infections, including giardia, canine distemper, rabies, parvovirus, and rabies. They may also develop an upper respiratory infection. Any of these infections are dangerous to a dog. The development of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) makes it possible for a dog to catch a variety of infections, including canine distemper, and thus health issues can develop if not monitored closely. Discontinuing antibiotics can make a difference. There are still an excellent number of people out there who think that their pet can get the illnesses mentioned above, but with the proper treatment the danger can be minimized.

What Is The History of The Canaan Dog?

It is not known exactly when the breed began to evolve but archeological finds seem to point to the possibility of a connection between the Israeli and Bedouin dogs. The Israeli Bedouin community have had strong ties with Egypt and there have been numerous connections between them and Egyptian breeds including the Egyptian Spitz, Peri-Peri (Qeltar), Egyptian Hound, and Egyptian Maus. Over time the Bedouin have bred these Bedouin Spitz, Peri-Peri and Egyptian Hound together with the local Canaan Dog. Bedouins are believed to have taken some Canaan Dog babies away from their mother and raised them. Unfortunately, the exact reason behind the great mongrelisation of these breeds is unknown, but some of the dogs may have interbred with invasive species like the Bedouin Spitz.

What Is The Breed Standard of The Canaan Dog?

The breed standard of the Canaan Dog has been described by Barbara M. Hood in The Canaan Dog of America, and is as follows: The primary body type is the short-legged, stocky, wiry dog with a blunt head with a small nose and a short muzzle, usually gray in color, or perhaps brindled and tan, sometimes brindle and black. The coat can be brindle, black and tan, gray and brindle, or any combination of colors, with the latter being more common. The head is squared-off, straight, with a small, heavy arch. Eyes are large and alert and are set high on the head. The tail is usually bobbed or straight, but straight and stiff on the males.