Collie Dog Breed

Description: The Collie is a large dog, that is muscular, but sleek, and they are a strong dog. The skull is flat at the top, the head is wedge shaped.

The muzzle is rounded, sloping downwards to the black nose. The overall facial look is slender. Their teeth should meet in a scissor bite.

The eyes are oval and medium-sized, and are, most commonly, dark brown in color, except the blue merles, which may have blue eyes. This breed has petite ears and these are three fourths erect with the tips of the ear folded forward.

Dogs stand, 24 to 26 inches in height, with the bitches, 22 to 24 in height. Dogs are slightly heavier in weight, being 60 to 75 pounds with bitches being 50 to 65 pounds. The body is moderately longer than their height.

The Collie breed has straight legs. The tail is in good proportion to the body, and is carried low with some upwards swirl at the tip. There are two coat varieties, smooth and a rough.

The rough coat is long and plentiful and all over its body whiles on its head, there is a shorter coat which is also seen on the legs.

On the neck, we see a cascading mane going around the neck and chest, this is straight and the longest hair we see on this dog. The smooth coat has short hair of about 1 inch all over the body.

Both varieties come in white and tan, tricolor of black, sable and white, there is also the merle whose colors are white with sable, tri colors or blue.

History: The origins of this dog are a little muddled, but what is known for sure is that this dog has been a working dog in Scotland for centuries; the Collie was mainly used as a herding dog and was smaller in appearance than they are today.

These dogs covered hard terrain, in all weathers. Queen Victoria had this dog at her Castle in 1860, and from this the dogs became popular.

The Collie was mixed with the Borzoi, and to this day the Borzoi blood needs to be in any dog that is to be in the show ring. It’s at this point, the working dog separated.

The smooth collie is more popular in the United Kingdom than in America; whereas the rough collie is more popular generally.

The AKC considers the rough and smooth collie, as varieties of the same breed. This breed’s most famous role would have to be in the movie, “Lassie”.

Temperament: This is a sensitive, mild-mannered and highly intelligent dog. The Collie is easily trained and is playful and protective of their family. The Collie is energetic when outside. Socializing them well prevents them being too wary of strangers.

This breed is not aggressive, they are loyal, that can become stubborn, if firm but consistent rules are not set down. The Collie responds well to gentle training, but you still need to show good leadership to gain cooperation from this breed.

This dog requires daily walks and will enjoy a good run, off the lead. Potty training is easier with this breed, as they learn quickly. The Collie requires a lot of exercise and mental stimulation to meet their needs.

Health issues: Some Collie lines are prone to PRA, Collie eye syndrome, hip problems.

Grooming: The long coated Collie will need weekly brushing, or more often, whereas the smooth variety will need brushing every few weeks.

Matting can occur in the long coated, and for the dog that is not being shown it may be kinder to cut this out.

The Collie can be bathed as required. The long coated collie sheds heavily twice a year, whereas the smooth coated is an averaged shedder.

Living conditions: The Collie can live in an apartment as long as mental and physical activities are provided.

This breed requires an average sized garden, with a shaded area for warmer weather.



More Collie Dog Breed Info

Description: The Collie is a medium-large dog that belongs to the shepherd group. The dog will be from 24 to 26 inches at the shoulder with the bitch 2 inches less. The weight of the dog is 60 to 75 pounds, and the bitch 50 to 65. Under all that hair is actually a fairly lean, athletic dog. The coat is most commonly found in tri-color, sable and white, blue merle, and white. The hair of the outer coat is long and coarse, while the undercoat is dense and fine. It has a wedge shaped head with a pointed snout. The tips of the ears fold over. The Collie can live for up to 16 years. It is also called the Rough Collie.
History: The Collie is a shepherding dog that originated in the British Isles, in Wales and Scotland. It was used as a herding dog for sheep. The Scottish Collie was a large dog, with a rather aggressive demeanor, while the Welsh Collie was smaller and gentler. When the British became acquainted with both dogs, they bred them together to achieve a happy medium. It is suspected that the Russian Wolfhound, the Borzoi, was also bred into the Collie to give the head a more distinctive shape.

Temperament: The Collie is a gentle dog that does best when surrounded by its human friends. This is a happy and intelligent dog that bonds closely with its family. The dog has a protective nature and will defend its owner. The Collie behaves very well with children. It is a playful dog with an excellent sense of direction. The Collie trains easily and wants to please its master. This dog will suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for too long.
Health Issues: The Collie can experience bloat, or stomach torsion, which demands immediate veterinary intervention to prevent death. Hip dysplasia is present in the breed, but not a great degree. The Collie often has trouble with heart worm medications, so care should be exercised when dealing with this parasite. A major health concern is what is called “Collie Eye Syndrome”. This is something of a catchall phrase encompassing several eye ailments, some of which can lead to blindness.
Grooming: The long coat of the Collie needs weekly grooming to prevent matting and tangling. If large mats do form, they may need to be cut out. The Collie is a heavy shedder, and will blow its coat twice a year besides. At this time, the Collie should be brushed every day. It is easy for ticks and fleas to conceal themselves in the long coat of the Collie, so the dog should be checked carefully if it has been outside.
Living Conditions: As the Collie tends to be quiet indoors, it can live in an apartment, as long as it is given a good deal of exercise. This dog enjoys being with its family and will be unhappy if left alone for long periods. This Collie loves to play and is suitable for agility and obedience competitions. It needs protection from the heat in summer and should not be expected to live outside in winter.




The above information is strictly for information purposes only. Please do your own research to see if the dog breed, breeder or rescue organization is reputable and the right fit for you and your family.
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