Dachshund Dog Breed Training, Care, Diet and Where to Adopt or Buy

Dachshund Dog Breed Training, Care, Diet and Where to Adopt or Buy

Dachshunds can be standard-sized (usually 16 to 32 pounds) or miniature (11 pounds or under), and come in one of three coat types: smooth, wirehaired, or longhaired. Dachshund (Doxie): Dog Breed Profile. Characteristics, History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners.


The name “dachshund” derives from a German word, “dachs,” which means to clear ground or track. Since these dogs have been bred to track people and things, they have a particular problem with clearing the ground. “Dachshunds” is the way most Americans traditionally refer to these small dogs, but their German-made names sometimes reflect their more sinister origins, such as “Geier” or “Kropps.” Appearance Dachshunds are small and compact. They have a powerful build and a long, low head. They have small, pointed ears, a short, thick body, a short, sleek tail, and short, stocky legs. They have very long, expressive, dark-gray to black, brindle or tan markings on their dark brown to black coats. The coloration is a strong indicator of the temperment of the dog.

Breed History

Founded in ancient Germany in the 17th century, the first dachshund was only 8 inches tall. Over the next 200 years, a dachshund population grew to an estimated 10 million, eventually being recognized as a separate breed in 1938. At first, dachshunds had a unique combination of attributes: small, short and well-formed with straight legs, short body, and slender necks. They were a great alternative for people who were allergic to dogs, or had other disabilities that kept them from owning large, long-legged dogs. Nowadays, dachshunds are one of the most popular breeds in the world, especially in Germany. They’ve gained a reputation as a high-energy dog that craves attention. They’re often used as a therapy dog, both in hospitals and for children with special needs.

Training and Care

If you are thinking of buying a dachshund, it is important to take a look at the dog’s training history. With many of the dogs, training seems to be a concern and some pets are fearful and have a difficult time trusting. A lot of this problem could be improved by getting the pet to go to a trainer as soon as possible. However, many people who are looking to buy a dog for this reason mistakenly believe that since their dog has been a good puppy that training is not a concern. In some cases, a dog that has not been properly trained may not understand basic commands, so in those cases, you should consider having your pet trained by a professional. Training Your Dachshund The general goals that training a dachshund should focus on are: Obedience Training.

Health Problems

According to Dr. Leslie Tello, Dachshunds are “outstanding” dogs that can live as long as 10 to 12 years. They are immune to most infections except the common cold, but if this becomes an issue, more serious infections such as pneumonia can set in. Puppies should not be bred until they are 8 to 10 weeks old, or older. They usually have no problems keeping weight on. Large and heavy puppies can become overweight quickly. Dachshunds should be fed a high-quality food, rich in quality protein and complex carbohydrates to help keep their coats shiny and strong. If your dachshund eats raw food (including other varieties of meat), it may be necessary to re-introduce white meat from time to time, as these meats can be high in vitamin A.

Diet and Nutrition

Like many other smaller breeds of dog, dachshunds have a small (2 to 3 lbs.) stature and a medium-long (10 to 15 inches) body, short legs, and a stubby tail. A dachshund has compact legs, short fur and short ears. It has a dense, woolly coat that can be rough or smooth. Dachshunds have little or no sweat glands, which keeps them from sweating, hence the reason they sometimes appear less fit than longer-haired breeds. Like their long-haired cousins, dachshunds are not usually prone to obesity, even when fed large portions of human food. Dachshunds are a water-dog, and are quite adept at retrieving water from the ground. A few other canine characteristics that contribute to the long lifespan of dachshunds include good dental health, such as a rich supply of healthy gum tissues.

Where to Adopt or Buy

Many people who adopt dogs consider it a gift to a family member, friend or their own. But some people, such as parents looking for a new family member, may also consider purchasing a dog from a breeder. The breed, age, temperament and paperwork are checked thoroughly before a dog is purchased. Those looking for a dog to purchase should consider a reputable breeder first.

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