German Shepherd Dog Breed Information and Facts
Generally considered dogkind’s finest all-purpose worker, the German Shepherd Dog is a large, agile, muscular dog of noble character and high intelligence. Loyal, confident, courageous, and steady. According to the FCI, the breed’s English language name is German Shepherd Dog. The breed was officially known as the “Alsatian Wolf Dog” in the UK from after the First World War until 1977 when its name was changed back to German Shepherd. They are especially well known for their police work, in tracking criminals and patrolling dangerous areas, and in detecting and holding suspects. Medium to large-sized working dog breed with domed forehead and square-cut muzzle with strong jaw and black nose.
History of the German Shepherd
Originally used as livestock guardian dogs, the Germans Shepherd Dog has played a pivotal role in human history. An early German Shepherd appears on ancient pottery from as early as 500 B.C., when their resemblance to modern German Shepherd Dogs becomes unmistakable. The German Shepherd was historically bred to guard a family and livestock. In the 13th century, the breed was brought to England. The various sub-breeds of the German Shepherd were recognized by the FCI in 1954. Current and Historical Status of the German Shepherd There are two major types of German Shepherd Dog.
Description of the German Shepherd
The German Shepherd is a medium to large dog breed with a straight-set, healthy, erect and square shaped body and broad to fairly long neck. Though the body may appear muscular, the foundation of this large breed is underpowered, making the German Shepherd easy to manage for their handler, yet easily trainable for their uses. The German Shepherd’s height is similar to that of the Boxer. The shepherd’s nose is pointed forward and it has small ears. The tail is clean and carried in a direct whip. The eyes are almond shaped with a slightly distant expression and long-range of vision. The feet are large, powerful and solid, and the paws should be white and sharply ridged.
Personality of the German Shepherd
The German Shepherd, one of the first dogs trained for scent work, is friendly and affectionate, and is extremely eager to please. It is a clever, inquisitive, active and agile working dog, and is adept at both farm and sport work. Its protective instincts make it a superb guard dog and it has a strong scent hound instinct which means it should be kept on a short leash, as a German Shepherd can detect a human’s scent for a considerable distance and usually within 100 yards. It takes a lot of work and training to develop a true German Shepherd’s unique set of working skills, and should not be turned loose without being properly socialized.
Temperament of the German Shepherd
German Shepherds are highly intelligent, self-contained, confident, and highly self-assured. They are obedient, loving, affectionate, and sensitive to their environment and their handler. They are extremely protective of their home and family and have proven themselves to be natural guardians of people and their property. They enjoy attention and receive constant praise and treats for their good behavior. They are also very playful and will want to play rough and tumble games. They are also very keen to please, but not if it means putting someone in danger. German Shepherds are natural runners. They have a high prey drive and they will chase an occasional rabbit, squirrel, and even small dogs.
Health Issues of the German Shepherd
Sometimes compared to a wolf, the German Shepherd is a strong dog, not an insecure or nervous one, and both male and female German Shepherds should be neutered in order to avoid any health problems. They have the potential to develop serious health issues like allergies and immune diseases. German Shepherd Breed Health Issues: German Shepherds Degeneration Causes: hip dysplasia is the most common problem of the German Shepherd Dog. German Shepherds are known to be able to tolerate high amounts of exercise and are considered to be very active dogs. However, excessive exercise could affect hip, shoulder and elbow joints and cause joint stiffness, arthritis, and pain. Affected Dogs: GSDs have a tendency to come down with chronic degenerative conditions in their later years.
Grooming Needs of the German Shepherd
Grooming a German Shepherd Dog is easy with a balanced routine of brushing, bathing, and trimming. Frequent nail trims are recommended with those dogs with docked tails. After bathing, the German Shepherd needs to dry quickly with the use of a towel or groomers’ coat. German Shepherd Dog Training As mentioned above, the German Shepherd Dog is bred for their versatility in working as a herder or guard dog. One reason they make great guard dogs is they have an extremely high prey drive. The German Shepherd Dog is a hardworking breed that requires plenty of exercise. The breed can be good with other animals and children. They are excellent family dogs.
Training Needs of the German Shepherd
German Shepherds are intelligent and fun loving. They love to please their humans, and will do anything for a pat or treat. They are also highly trainable. Excellent with children and other dogs; gentle and sweet. German Shepherds require, at a minimum, a safe fenced yard or an unfenced area on a friendly walking route. They need daily exercise for at least 30 minutes; preferably outdoors. This breeds is equally comfortable playing loose in the yard or playing at an off-leash park. Be sure that your dog has access to a chain or leash during off-leash play time; as well as a proper fencing to prevent them from roaming or getting lost. German Shepherds, like all hunting dogs, require keen sense of smell and keen eyesight. To help maintain the agility of the German Shepherd Dog’s mind and body, owners and their dogs will benefit greatly from continuing formal and informal training. Classes and obedience training are also invaluable. Each breed can have a different hierarchy and dominance. If you decide to take a class, decide how to best work with your dog. There are many training techniques available to both owners and dogs. This may include pet training, puppy training, clic
Exercise Needs of the German Shepherd
A well-bred GSD requires at least three-quarters of an hour a day of vigorous exercise, which can include any of the following: walking, running, agility, obedience or herding, which are often combined into one program. Source: Better Pet Guides – The Complete Guide to Dogs, 3rd Edition German Shepherd Dog Facts and Interesting Dog Books Have you ever seen this image of a German Shepherd dog walking? Or had this thought of having your German Shepherd with you at all times? You need to know about this so that you can feel safe, secure, and free. Learn how to walk this dog because when he walks, there is a strong sense of power and determination.