Golden Retriever Dog Breed Information and Facts
One of the most popular dog breeds in the United States, golden retrievers are intelligent and playful, making them great family companions. Because of their size and docile nature, they’re a great choice for apartment dwellers and children. The history of the golden retriever dates back to the late 1800s, when Scottish farmers began breeding their dogs to be more like their beloved St. Bernard dogs. The golden retriever gained popularity in the United States in the early 20th century, when the breed was used as a hunting dog. Today, the golden retriever is ranked as one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States, and is the most-registered dog breed by the American Kennel Club.
History of the Golden Retriever
The history of the golden retriever dates back to the late 1800s, when Scottish farmers began breeding their dogs to be more like their beloved St. Bernard dogs. The breeding of the Scottish springer spaniel had become limited due to the presence of disease in the soil, so the farmers decided to add a recessive gene to the dogs’ genome that would produce a darker coat. By crossing this recessive gene with a similar dog breed, the Kennel Club decided to breed a dog that resembled a golden retriever, which would have been called a “beagle-hound.” By the 1920s, the two breeds were all but extinct in Scotland, and most of the beagle-hound puppies that had survived the disease and its breeding practices were dying out.
Description of the Golden Retriever
The golden retriever is the most popular dog breed in the United States. Its primary coat color is black. However, it can also be either black and white, or a combination of the two. Golden retrievers can range in size from 13-18 pounds. The breed’s ideal weight is 15-18 pounds. Males of the breed average 11 inches at the shoulder, while females average 10 inches. Golden retrievers have floppy ears that stand straight out when they’re excited. This trait is common to most retriever breeds. Golden retrievers have a bushy, upright tail that’s well-formed. The breed’s tail should be long enough to reach the ground when the dog is wagging it. Golden retrievers should also be strong enough to run or retrieve for long periods of time.
Personality of the Golden Retriever
The golden retriever is known as a playful, sensitive breed. It can be a vocal breed, often whining when it is anxious or nervous. Golden retrievers are also known for being intelligent and well-trained, which makes them great companions. The breed is known for its impressive hunting abilities. Dogs that are bred to hunt tend to have a strong bond with humans and are often well-trained. These dogs also thrive on a variety of different types of food, and have proven to be very healthy. Golden retrievers are very loyal to their owners and often enjoy snuggling and playing with their owners. Diet and Weight Golden retrievers usually weigh between 30 and 40 pounds, with males usually being slightly larger than females.
Temperament of the Golden Retriever
Golden retrievers are hardy, happy-go-lucky dogs. They have a strong hunting instinct and a tail that is always wagging. They are intelligent and easygoing. However, golden retrievers are friendly only with familiar people. They love meeting new people, but have a strong tendency to steal other dogs’ toys, and sometimes get a little aggressive with other dogs. Golden retrievers can be very noisy, especially at night. They are also very stubborn. If their owner puts them in a crate, or asks them to stop licking their feet, they might not obey. They usually have to be taught commands like “sit” and “stay.” Breed Differences The most noticeable differences in golden retrievers are their coat and their size. Golden retrievers have a beautiful golden, orange, or reddish coat.
Health Issues of the Golden Retriever
The golden retriever is very active and prone to certain health issues, such as allergies and skin conditions. They can be highly susceptible to allergens such as dust mites, cats, and dogs. While there are ways to minimize these allergens, for many golden retrievers, treatment will be necessary. To minimize skin allergies, golden retrievers may be prescribed some sort of cream or a wash to avoid contact with allergens. They also need a good amount of sleep to stay healthy and active. Also, to help with allergies and skin conditions, golden retrievers should not be fed table scraps, which are usually the source of the allergens they are allergic to. Instead, golden retrievers should be fed whole bones and scrap meat that they’re familiar with eating, and only from the same brand of food.
Grooming Needs of the Golden Retriever
Golden retrievers are very clean dogs, especially compared to other breeds. Golden retrievers are capable of having high levels of shedding, however, the amount of shedding that is appropriate depends on how much time the dog has to spend outdoors. Dogs that are more likely to have to spend time outside tend to shed less, because they do not spend the majority of their time indoors. Golden retrievers are also very energetic dogs, and should be exercised daily to ensure that they stay healthy and active. Dogs that do not get enough exercise will usually become bored and uninterested in their daily activities, which may make it more difficult for them to exercise their hunting instincts.
Training Needs of the Golden Retriever
Though a good golden retriever has been bred for life in a loving home, they will also need a few things of their own to live up to their name: plenty of exercise and a healthy diet. Your golden retriever needs to be introduced to a variety of situations and people so that they don’t shy away from any kind of attention. This could mean visiting the veterinarian or the pet store. Familiar surroundings, positive reinforcement, and consistency should all be taken into consideration when training your golden retriever, as this will not only keep them active but also have a positive impact on your relationship. Try out our Dog Training Questions and Answers to find out the best way to train your golden retriever.
Exercise Needs of the Golden Retriever
While many people assume that a golden retriever lives a healthy and active lifestyle, golden retrievers are actually one of the more sedentary breeds of dogs. While you don’t need to be careful with your golden retriever, it is important to make sure that they are getting plenty of exercise. A golden retriever’s exercise needs are similar to that of the Labrador retriever, with lots of movement throughout the day. That doesn’t mean that you should let your golden retriever get lazy and live on the couch all day, though. Regular exercise is necessary to keep your golden retriever active and healthy. Why Are Golden Retrievers Often the Best Boy Friends? It’s likely that most people who own golden retrievers have developed some close bonds with the breed.