Hot Spots on Dogs | Signs, Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Some dogs get hot spots. Some dogs don’t get them. A hot spot is a skin infection that can occur on any part of the body. It’s not contagious, but it can be painful and itchy. The problem is that it’s hard to see these infections on your dog. They are usually smaller than a grain of rice and show up only after a week or so of irritation and infection. In order to prevent, recognize and treat hot spots, it’s important to know what to look for.
What Are Hot Spots?
Hot spots are tiny areas of dry skin covered with fine white or yellowish crusty, red skin or crust. Itchy and irritated, these areas are usually red, raised and bumpy. There are two common types of hot spots: infectious and noninfectious. The infectious type occurs as a result of a bacterial or fungal infection. The bacteria produce bacterial acids (bacteriuria) that attack the moist skin of the body. In some cases, this bacterial acid causes skin breakdown and inflammation, eventually leading to the crusty skin appearance. One type of bacteria responsible for the bacterial acids is Group A Streptococcus, or GAS. GAS normally lives on the skin of healthy dogs and, although it is very common, it can sometimes cause a skin infection.
Signs of Hot Spots in Dogs
There are a few telltale signs of hot spots: Itchy, red, and swollen skin around a suspected hot spot Streaks of white, gray or brown over or around an apparent hot spot Heat that seems to radiates around a suspected hot spot If your dog shows any of these signs, you should take them to your veterinarian. Here are some other symptoms that may also indicate a hot spot: Fever Loss of appetite Fever Restlessness or abnormal behavior Decreased or delayed urination Change in the color of the eyes Scratching or licking a hot spot How to Treat Dogs With Hot Spots Topical medications are an effective treatment for dogs with hot spots. It’s important that your dog is examined and treated by a veterinarian if he has any infection that may lead to redness and swelling of the skin.
Causes of Hot Spots
Hot spots can occur in dogs of all ages and breeds. Some breeds are more likely to get hot spots than others. Examples include: Butterflies Cockatoos Dogs that are shaded or overheated Diabetic dogs Pit bulls Sprays or sprays made for any use Puppies Gentlemen’s Clubs Sparkles Spilled nail polish remover The commonest cause is a lot of rough, excessive scratching. If you have a rough, short-haired breed, it’s important that your dog be groomed frequently. Other dogs get hot spots when they lick their paws or pads a lot, or rub their paws against furniture or walls. They can also get hot spots when they dig. Sometimes these infections start with heat, such as a sudden change in temperature. Heat Hot Spots It’s best to cool your dog quickly.
Treatment of Hot Spots
Hot spots can be treated, but most veterinarians recommend consulting with a specialist to find the best option for each individual case. People who have lupus often experience flare-ups during times of stress or illness. If you think your dog may be showing signs of lupus, a specialist can treat hot spots with corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory medications to minimize the likelihood of flare-ups. Even if you don’t have lupus, it’s still important to consult a specialist to get the proper treatment. Keep in mind, if your dog is in distress, whether because of the burning or pain or the possibility of an infection, it’s very important to take him or her to the vet as soon as possible.
At Home Remedies for Hot Spots
Bathroom Bathrooms: It’s best to give your dog a bath and bathe them daily in lukewarm or warm water. Do this in the morning before you take him outside. Do not use soap. If the skin gets red, it means he’s not getting clean enough. Do not use a high temperature water. It’s best to give your dog a bath and bathe them daily in lukewarm or warm water. Do this in the morning before you take him outside. Do not use soap. If the skin gets red, it means he’s not getting clean enough. Do not use a high temperature water. Dog Beds: You can clean the sheets regularly. You can also take your dog’s mattress outside to give him fresh air. Do not use bleach. You may also need to change the bedsheets every month. You can clean the sheets regularly.
How to Prevent Hot Spots
There are many different reasons that dogs get hot spots. Some causes are more common than others. Some may even seem odd. For example, it’s sometimes because the skin is irritated or inflamed. You may notice bumps or irritation on the skin that you can’t explain. This could be the case if your dog is pouting, licking or chewing at their fur. To treat it, it’s important to identify the cause of the irritation and get rid of the irritant. If it’s fur irritation, it may be the cause of the hot spots. Consider giving your dog a bath once a week. You should also be careful when cleaning them in areas where the fur is long or thick. To reduce the risk of them reappearing after a bath, make sure to avoid direct sun exposure and dry them off thoroughly afterwards.