Jack Rat Terrier Dog Breed Information and Facts
The Jack-rat terrier, also known as the Jersey Terrier, is a hybrid mix between the Rat Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier. This feisty dog is high energy, fearless, alert, and ready for anything. Jack Rat Terriers are true athletes, with stocky and well-muscled bodies that are built in proportion. They have no exaggerated features and should be well-balanced. They have a handsome face with a medium-sized skull and ears that may or may not be held erect. These hybrids were one of the many designer dogs that came out of the 1990s.
History of the Jack Rat Terrier
These terriers were developed by mixing Jack Russell Terriers and Rat Terriers. The reason for their name is the following. During WWII, Japanese soldiers were seen sporting a skin-tight military uniform. Soldiers were able to hide any bad habits that they may have had by hiding in these tight uniforms. While the Japanese soldiers were dressed in this uniform, the dogs were dressed in a mix of these two breeds. The Terriers were found chewing the rat terrier-like uniforms. The Jack Rat Terrier is fast and dynamic, used for many roles in the military. The Terrier is a good runner, often put into protection roles. The Jack-rat terrier often did not have proper training and was quickly labeled as unruly. The leader dogs of this breed were often used as guard dogs.
Description of the Jack Rat Terrier
This dog is commonly known for having broad heads and flat-set ears. It has large, muscular legs and is typically on the taller side. It has a slender body with the head tilted up to the level of the face. It has the same color as the other breeds, either yellow or brindle, with a mostly dark brown, black, or tan coat. The tail is medium in length, slightly longer than the body. The curl on the tail is noticeable, but not extreme. The Jack Rat Terrier has a well-muscled front leg and a well-built back leg. Its ears are slightly drooped, or lopsided, in the front but straight in the back. Its tail has a neat, medium-length tapering tip. A Brief History Jack rats were originally bred in England by Edward and Joseph Thring in 1878.
Personality of the Jack Rat Terrier
The Jack Rat Terrier is a happy-go-lucky dog that has a high sense of social and intellectual intelligence. It can keep its cool in any type of company and do well on the battlefield. The greatest factor, however, which makes the Jack Rat Terrier the perfect family dog, is its keen sense of humor and active temperament. This dog is game for almost everything and would love to have a good time. The Jack Rat Terrier will jump from one obstacle to another and doesn’t hold back. It has a real zest for life. If you are looking for a smart, spirited, and friendly dog, this is the right choice for you. Common Breed Issues To combat their remarkable intelligence, the Jack Rat Terrier is also quite susceptible to excessive use of paper and crayons.
Temperament of the Jack Rat Terrier
The Jack Rat Terrier is very sweet, intelligent and is a good companion dog. A Jack Rat Terrier is very friendly and loves attention. A Jack Rat Terrier can be very energetic and enthusiastic. Jack Rat Terriers have a great sense of adventure and will engage in any outdoor activity if you let them. They are eager to please their humans and are excellent trainable. Their compact body is excellent for travel, with sufficient strength to keep up with you when on the move. The size of the Jack Rat Terrier is one of its best traits. A Jack Rat Terrier will fit perfectly in the lap of your little one. It has the ability to become part of your family unit without you ever realizing it. These dogs can live as long as 10 to 12 years and will most likely live to be a big, happy puppy.
Health Issues of the Jack Rat Terrier
Like most small breeds, they are prone to eye infections, allergies, and skin conditions. They can develop bronchial problems and require regular medication for asthma. They can suffer from a slight hearing loss due to frequent barking. They are prone to dental problems if they don’t have regular dental care. They may not be able to hear sounds from other dogs, like the high-pitched barks that protect a Jack Russell terrier against other dogs. Behavior Jack Rat Terriers are independent and bold. They are strong-willed and energetic and may be hard to train. They also suffer from separation anxiety and social isolation, and may escape from home to search for their own group of dogs. This behavior can be trained. They are very outgoing dogs and thrive in social situations.
Grooming Needs of the Jack Rat Terrier
A typical grooming routine for a Jack-rat terrier can be done by professional groomers. They can clean a pet’s coat, remove ticks, and de-worm your pet. These dogs require regular baths because they are susceptible to tick-borne disease. Groomers will typically use their finger and even their hand to trim the nails and remove hair from the tail. They will also groom their paws, ears, and feet. Other Grooming Requirements for the Jack Rat Terrier These dogs will need regular trimming of their nails and be brushed regularly. Grooming appointments can be scheduled for your dog. The grooming service should be given attention to the owner’s schedule. The grooming service should be a completely separate appointment.
Training Needs of the Jack Rat Terrier
This breed is well-suited for all weather conditions. It is a confident dog that is well-mannered and not overly reactive. This dog will gladly show that the slightest of movement will do them in. The Jack Russell Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier Terrier have similar health needs, however, the Jack Rat Terrier is at a greater risk of some health conditions like cancer. For the breed of the Jack Rat Terrier, you may want to have a normal annual exam with your vet and to take a dog to the vet more often than normal. In addition to this, you should be proactive about taking your dog to get a baseline blood panel done. At that time, you can see what your dog’s blood counts are and see what his health conditions may be.
Exercise Needs of the Jack Rat Terrier
These dogs are highly active and need to get regular exercise to keep them fit. They are energetic, persistent, and can work for hours at a time. They should have the ability to run, swim, and run backwards (this is not recommended as it will hurt their back). These dogs are not fazed by loud noises, flying projectiles, or very fast moving dogs; they can usually outrun and intimidate any dog they come across. They are quick and intelligent. With some training, they will learn how to pass this to their new owners. This breed also needs regular mental stimulation to stay active. Health Issues for the Jack Rat Terrier Some Jack Rat Terriers have health issues that can become a concern for the new owner. Dogs with back problems, spinal problems, or medical conditions should not be purchased.